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The 1879 History of Jones County Iowa was transcribed by [an error occurred while processing this directive].

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COUNTY FINANCES
The financial condition of Jones County is most satisfactory. A conservative management has been the policy of her financiers, whose care has ever been to keep the county from becoming involved in debt. The unfortunate loan to the Air Line Railroad, of which mention is elsewhere made, has been the only serious calamity which has ever occurred affecting the county treasury. The County Treasurer's report, in June, 1879, shows a balance on hand in each of the various funds in the keeping of the county. There are no outstanding warrants demanding payment, and county orders are at par. The county has no bonds outstanding. No money of importance has ever been invested in county building, the Court House now occupied being the gift of Anamosa and different citizens, as has been elsewhere mentioned.
The report of the County Auditor for the year ending January 5, 1879, shows the expenses of county government for 1878, to have been as follows:

Supervisors$   777.59
Salaries of officers4,400.00
Witnesses2,138.70
Jurors3,490.00
Attorneys and reporters1,193.50
Sheriff, bailiffs and janitor1,286.33
Jail expenses961.40
Justices and Constables1,607.00
Poor, outside poor farm2,658.15
Fuel, lights, repairs to county
buildings, etc.
691.28
Assessors, Township Clerks and Trustees1,759.90
Postage and express134.05
Books and stationery797.40
Printing1,779.53
Superintendent of Schools958.07
Election expenses456.20
Bounty on wild animals’ scalps242.00
Township Collectors1,140.59
Poor Farm2,557.96
Paid Benton County in Johnson case208.00
Copying mortgage index175.00
Clerks’ fees, criminal cases52.25
Settlement of title to Coleman lots40.00
Miscellaneous4.10
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$29,509.00
Deaf, dumb and insane405.45
Insane Hospital1,515.56
Bridges14,473.44
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Total$45,903.45

The assessment for 1879, as corrected by the Board of Supervisors, we give by townships. To this 5 per cent has been added by the State Board:


TOWNS AND TOWNSHIPS

Acres of Land

Assess'd value of Land

Assess'd value of Town Lots

Personal Property

Total
Cass22908$196073$   ………$57745$253818
Castle Grove2275520482549558864264184
Clay22280181939361940828216386
Fairview21701205132450464229273865
Greenfield226452064845165106796318445
Hale22850193742………70778264520
Jackson22228183207………30869214076
Madison221062067091965579396305760
Monticello2202221521751452976268707
Oxford222531892691433088254291853
Richland22911171422466538662214749
Rome22172200925………58873259798
Scotch Grove22443198765103651331251132
Washington22866166508………36421202929
Wayne22575206312520571282282799
Wyoming22200191498906062615263173
Anamosa………………17022598036268261
Monticello, town………………158466146614305080
Olin………………288872089049777
Strawberry Hill………………15110260417714
Wyoming, town………………6660071254137854
Totals358915$3108027$507536$1309317$4924880

The assessment of railroad property is as follows:


 

Number of Miles in County

Assessed Value per Mile
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul
Western Union Division
Davenport & North-Western
Iowa Midland>/td>

45.26
30.63
20.80

$2,300.00
2,500.00
2,000.00

The tax levy for 1878-79 was as follows: State tax, 2 mills; county school tax, 1 mill; county tax, 4 mills; bridge tax, 3 mills; poor tax, 1 mill; total, 11 mills.
Of the permanent School fund which the wisdom of our early State government provided, to assist the various counties in maintaining free schools, there is in the hands of Jones County—most of which is loaned out on real estate—$58,756.53. The apportionment of the permanent fund to Jones County for the past year was $4,063.14. The annual interest upon the funds placed in the care of Jones County is greater than her share of the yearly apportionment.

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STATISTICS—SOCIAL AND AGRICULTURAL
A steady growth has marked the progress of Jones County from the date of its organization. No feverish haste is perceptible, but that constant influx of population and wealth, which forbids all thought of relapse or disaster, and gives an air of permanence and stability to every place or institution to which it is peculiar. This is strikingly illustrated by a comparison of the census reports since 1838. The population has been as follows: 1838, 241; 1840, 475; 1844, 1,112; 1846, 1,758; 1848, 1,779; 1849, 2,140; 1,850, 3,007; 1,851, 3,400; 1852, 4,201; 1853, 6,075; 1856, 9,835; 1859, 13,475; 1860, 13,306; 1863, 13,495; 1865, 14,376; 1867, 16,228; 1869, 18,113; 1870, 19,731; 1873, 18,930; 1875, 19,166.
A steady growth has marked the progress of Jones County from the date of its organization. No feverish haste is perceptible, but that constant influx of population and wealth, which forbids all thought of relapse or disaster, and gives an air of permanence and stability to every place or institution to which it is peculiar. This is strikingly illustrated by a comparison of the census reports since 1838. The population has been as follows: 1838, 241; 1840, 475; 1844, 1,112; 1846, 1,758; 1848, 1,779; 1849, 2,140; 1,850, 3,007; 1,851, 3,400; 1852, 4,201; 1853, 6,075; 1856, 9,835; 1859, 13,475; 1860, 13,306; 1863, 13,495; 1865, 14,376; 1867, 16,228; 1869, 18,113; 1870, 19,731; 1873, 18,930; 1875, 19,166. Subjoined we give an abstract of the population of Jones County, taken from the census report of 1875. This is not given as a true representation of the population of towns at the present time, but may be valuable as a matter of reference now, or fifty years hence:


TOWNS AND TOWNSHIPS
POPULATION
Total Pop.

Number of Families

Male

Female

Colored
Cass3943783775166
Castle Grove375332…707126
Clay543419…962169
Fairview594579…1,173220
Greenfield604487…1,091178
Hale528460…988187
Jackson415385…800150
Madison510487…997167
Monticello474435…909159
Monticello Town76082521,587332
Oxford5064681975201
Richland387353…740134
Rome65162911,281254
Scotch Grove421400…821137
Strawberry Hill Town5966513030
Washington422365…787140
Wayne581554…1,135210
Wyoming504510…1,014181
Wyoming Town331358…689157
Anamosa Town81478471,605356
Total9,8739,2741919,1663,654

The population of the incorporated towns during the years 1870, 1873 and 1875 are given as follows:


NAME OF TOWN

1870

1873

1875
Anamosa208316561605
Monticello133713351587
Wyoming……689
Strawberry Hill……130

The post offices in 1875 were Anamosa, Blue Cut, Bowen's Prairie, Castle Grove, Clayford, Clay Mills, Fairview, Hale Village, Highland Grove, Johnson, Langworthy, Martelle, Olin, Onslow, Oxford Mills, Oxford Junction Scotch Grove, Viroqua and Wyoming.

Number of acres of improved land in 1875208,907
Number of acres of unimproved land in 187563,298
Number of acres of natural timber in 187552,546
Number of acres of planted timber473
Number of voters in 18754,180
Number of voters born in Germany283
Number of voters born in Scotland133
Number of voters born in Ireland614
Number of foreigners not naturalized176
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